North Dakota ranks highest in payroll to population

WASHINGTON, D.C. — North Dakota had the highest Payroll to Population (P2P) employment rate in the country in 2012 — 53.6%. Maryland ranked second, while seven other states with shared borders — Nebraska, Kansas, Iowa, Minnesota, South Dakota, Wyoming, and Utah — landed in the top 10. Mississippi and South Carolina had the lowest P2P rates of all the states (38.5% and 38.7%, respectively), about 15 percentage points lower than the highest-ranking state. Florida and West Virginia also had P2P rates below 40%.


Gallup’s P2P metric estimates the percentage of the adult population aged 18 and older who are employed full time by an employer for at least 30 hours per week. P2P is not seasonally adjusted. Variations in P2P across states may reflect a number of factors, including most specifically the overall employment situation and the demographic composition of the population.