According to the US Department of Education, the number of administrators in higher education is growing much faster than the number of people who are engaged in actually teaching.
At universities nationwide, employment of administrators jumped 60 percent from 1993 to 2009, 10 times the growth rate for tenured faculty. “Administrative bloat is clearly contributing to the overall cost of higher education,” says Jay Greene, an education professor at the University of Arkansas. In a 2010 study, Greene found that from 1993 to 2007, spending on administration rose almost twice as fast as funding for research and teaching at 198 leading U.S. universities.
I found this to be the case in North Dakota, specifically. Higher education have long justified big biennial budget increases by selling an “investment” in education. But spending growth has far outpaced enrollment growth. As you can see from the chart below, while full time equivalent enrollment has grown just 11.5% since 2003, general fund appropriations for the university system will have grown over 91% through the next biennium if the North Dakota University System’s latest budget request is met:
And it appears, from employment trends within the university system, that a significant chunk of those employment increases have been going to non-instructional staff:
What you’re looking at is a 3.54% increase in instructional employees (including full-time and part-time faculty and temporary instructors) from the 2003-05 biennium through present, and a 40% increase in non-instructional employees.
This is typical of economic bubbles. The industry seeing the bubble growth grows decadent. We saw it in the banking industry as a result of the housing bubble, where huge salaries and exorbitant perks/bonuses were the rule, and now we’re seeing it in higher education. Campuses get bigger. Administration gets larger. Salaries become more lavish.
Meanwhile, the students on whose backs this bubble has been built are getting behind in their loan payments at alarming rates. And who will be left holding the bag when all this collapses?